Reading a wonderful book on story structure by Victoria Lynn Schmidt (45 Master Characters). She says characters who accomplish their goals in plays and books do so in these ways:
1) By means of personal courage.
2) By getting help/working in partnership.
3) By means of ingenuity.
4) Because of a special power or powers.
5) Because of a special weapon.
6) By self-sacrifice.
In our new musical, Not Without Our Women, characters succeed because of partnership. Interesting how many plays now feature through-lines where characters don’t succeed – but this is not true of films, especially Hollywood movies.